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was born in London in 1833. He enlisted in 85th Foot in November
1849 aged 17. He transferred to the Commissariat Corps in 1862 as
a Corporal, and was promoted to Sergeant in the following year.
Four years later, he became a clerk and a Master-Sergeant. He served
with Sir Garnet Wolseley on the Red River Expedition (Canada) in
from the army, with a Long Service & Good Conduct medal in 1871 after
22 years service. By 1877, he was in South Africa and volunteered
for service as Acting Assistant Commissary with the British Force.
It was largely due to his experience, which made the defence of Rorke's
Drift a success. At first his contribution was not recognised;
however reports of his actions finally reached the ears of senior
officers and even Queen Victoria.
received his VC from General Hugh Clifford VC at a special parade
at Fort Napier on 16 January 1880. He returned to army service being
given a permanent commission. He sailed for England in February
1880. He soon returned to South Africa and took part shares in a
gold mine. It is thought that he went to stay with his old friend,
ex-Sgt John Sherwood Williams, at the Grosvenor Hotel, Port Elizabeth,
Eastern Cape just before Christmas 1886. After spending the 7th
January 1887 in bed, he died suddenly during the night, aged 53..
(His VC is in the Royal Logistic Corps Museum, Blackdown, Camberley,
supplied by the South
Wales Borderers Museum, Brecon.